= 19.25，标准差 =
An Examination of the Association Between Childhood Maltreatment, Difficultieswith Emotion Regulation and Dating Violence Perpetration in Chinese CollegeStudents
Friday, January 13, 2017
Bissonet (New Orleans Marriott)
* noted as presenting author
Ling Wang, MA, PhDCandidate, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Objective: Given a prevalent rate of dating violenceperpetration among college students in the world, it is important to understandthe predictors that increase one’s risk for perpetrating dating violence. Thisstudy examined how childhood maltreatment and emotional regulation are relatedto dating violence perpetration among male and female college students. Thestudy expected a unique association between difficulties in emotion regulationand dating violence perpetration after controlling for childhood maltreatmentexperiences.
Methods:The study used convenience sampling. The present study has analyzed a subsampleof 752 Chinese college students with dating experience longer than one month(response rate 83%) in Suzhou city, East Mainland China, aged between 18 and 23(M=19.25, SD=1.09), 54.3%female. Data were collected via anonymous self-report questionnairesadministered in classes on campus. Main measures include Difficulties inEmotion Regulation Scale (DERS), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and TheRevised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2). First, the study examined the bivariateassociation between physical violence, childhood maltreatment, and emotiondysregulation. Then, multivariate regression models were conducted. Theanalysis runs separately by gender.
Results:18.9% of the sample reported perpetrating physical violence and 5.9% reportedperpetrating sexual violence. Females reported perpetrating significantlygreater physical violence than males (23.5% vs. 13.4%; χ2 =12.6,p=.000). Female students and male students did not differ on Difficulties inEmotion Regulation Scale (DERS) scores. Among women, physical violence wascorrelated with childhood maltreatment and the DERS subscale of difficulties ingoal-directed behavior. Among men, physical violence was correlated withchildhood maltreatment, the DERS subscales of lack of emotional clarity,impulse control difficulties, nonacceptance of emotional response, difficultiesin goal-directed behavior, limited access to emotion regulation strategies, andDERS total.
Inthe multivariate regression model for men, difficulties in emotion regulationwas a significant predictor of physical violence perpetration after controllingfor childhood maltreatment experiences and age. When six DERS subscales wereadded to the model instead of DERS total, only impulse control difficulties wassignificantly associated physical violence perpetration for men. Among women,emotion dysregulation and the DERS subscales were not significantly associatedwith physical violence after controlling for childhood maltreatment and age.
Conclusion:The study improves the understanding of the association among childhoodmaltreatment, emotion regulation, and dating violence perpetration by gender.The association between emotion dysregulation and physical violence differed bygender. The study found a unique association between emotion dysregulation anddating violence perpetration beyond the effect of childhood maltreatment amongmale college students. This findings suggest that emotion dysregulation may bemore strongly associated with physical violence in men than women among Chinesecollege students. The study indicates that intervention program for datingviolence in Chinese college students requires addressing both childhood familyviolence exposure and emotion regulation.